Before / After
Principle and effects of compression
The concept of compression therapy is based on the principle of applying an elastic garment around the leg.
By compressing the leg with 'graduated compression'
(strongest at the ankle and decreasing going up the leg), the compression stocking acts as a layer of muscle by gently squeezing the stretched vein walls closer together, allowing the valves to close. The pooling of the blood is reduced, thereby restoring blood flow to a normal state and aiding overall circulation.
Compression socks and stockings help the blood return to the heart, shrink distended veins, prevent skin breakdown, and efficiently relieve aching and heavy legs.
Depending on the severity of the problem, medical compression therapy can be applied in different forms: socks, stockings (calf or thigh-length), or pantyhose
Compression levels for therapy

Compression stockings are available in different degrees of compression depending on the severity of the pathology to be treated (see Indications). The pressure exerted by a compression stocking at ankle level is measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg). Compression levels begin at 10-15 mmHg, available without prescripttion. Compression levels of 20-30 mmHg, and 30-40 mmHg are for increasingly severe varicose veins, and should be prescribed and custom fitted. This service is available at Durham Endosurgery Centre
Could Compression therapy help you?
Prescription compression garments are prescribed by a physician to treat aching legs, visible varicose veins, swelling, and more serious problems like phlebitis (inflamed, clotted veins), and leg ulcers (skin breakdown due to poor circulation). Compression garments can also be prescribed to prevent venous troubles during pregnancy and long distance travel.
Compression therapy my not be for you if you suffer from the following: advanced peripheral obstructive arterial disease, uncontrolled congestive heart failure, phlebitis requiring antibiotics, open sores, or nerve problems. Very few cases of allergy have been reported to one of the components.
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